Calibrating the Magnometers on the Raspberry Pi Sense Hat



Taken from this forum post.

Install the necessary software and run the calibration program as follows:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install octave -y
cp /usr/share/librtimulib-utils/RTEllipsoidFit ./ -a
cd RTEllipsoidFit

You will then see this menu:

Options are:

  m - calibrate magnetometer with min/max
  e - calibrate magnetometer with ellipsoid (do min/max first)
  a - calibrate accelerometers
  x - exit

Enter option:

Press lowercase m. The following message will then show; press any key to start.

    Magnetometer min/max calibration
    Waggle the IMU chip around, ensuring that all six axes
    (+x, -x, +y, -y and +z, -z) go through their extrema.
    When all extrema have been achieved, enter 's' to save, 'r' to reset
    or 'x' to abort and discard the data.

    Press any key to start...

After it starts, you will see something similar to this scrolling up the screen:

Min x:  51.60  min y:  69.39  min z:  65.91
Max x:  53.15  max y:  70.97  max z:  67.97

Focus on the two lines at the very bottom of the screen, as these are the most recently posted measurements from the program. Now you have to move the Astro Pi around in every possible way you can think of. It helps if you unplug all non-essential cables to avoid clutter.

Try and get a complete circle in each of the pitch, roll and yaw axes. Take care not to accidentally eject the SD card while doing this. Spend a few minutes moving the Astro Pi, and stop when you find that the numbers are not changing anymore.

Now press lowercase s then lowercase x to exit the program. If you run the ls command now, you’ll see a new RTIMULib.ini file has been created.

In addition to those steps, you can also do the ellipsoid fit by performing the steps above, but pressing e instead of m.

When you’re done, copy the resulting RTIMULib.ini to /etc/ and remove the local copy in ~/.config/sense_hat/:

rm ~/.config/sense_hat/RTIMULib.ini
sudo cp RTIMULib.ini /etc

You are now done.

Eliza, Rogerian Psychotherapist

Original Eliza, Rogerian Psychotherapist.

import re
import random

reflections = {
    "am": "are",
    "was": "were",
    "i": "you",
    "i'd": "you would",
    "i've": "you have",
    "i'll": "you will",
    "my": "your",
    "are": "am",
    "you've": "I have",
    "you'll": "I will",
    "your": "my",
    "yours": "mine",
    "you": "me",
    "me": "you"

psychobabble = [
    [r'I need (.*)',
     ["Why do you need {0}?",
      "Would it really help you to get {0}?",
      "Are you sure you need {0}?"]],

    [r'Why don\'?t you ([^\?]*)\??',
     ["Do you really think I don't {0}?",
      "Perhaps eventually I will {0}.",
      "Do you really want me to {0}?"]],

    [r'Why can\'?t I ([^\?]*)\??',
     ["Do you think you should be able to {0}?",
      "If you could {0}, what would you do?",
      "I don't know -- why can't you {0}?",
      "Have you really tried?"]],

    [r'I can\'?t (.*)',
     ["How do you know you can't {0}?",
      "Perhaps you could {0} if you tried.",
      "What would it take for you to {0}?"]],

    [r'I am (.*)',
     ["Did you come to me because you are {0}?",
      "How long have you been {0}?",
      "How do you feel about being {0}?"]],

    [r'I\'?m (.*)',
     ["How does being {0} make you feel?",
      "Do you enjoy being {0}?",
      "Why do you tell me you're {0}?",
      "Why do you think you're {0}?"]],

    [r'Are you ([^\?]*)\??',
     ["Why does it matter whether I am {0}?",
      "Would you prefer it if I were not {0}?",
      "Perhaps you believe I am {0}.",
      "I may be {0} -- what do you think?"]],

    [r'What (.*)',
     ["Why do you ask?",
      "How would an answer to that help you?",
      "What do you think?"]],

    [r'How (.*)',
     ["How do you suppose?",
      "Perhaps you can answer your own question.",
      "What is it you're really asking?"]],

    [r'Because (.*)',
     ["Is that the real reason?",
      "What other reasons come to mind?",
      "Does that reason apply to anything else?",
      "If {0}, what else must be true?"]],

    [r'(.*) sorry (.*)',
     ["There are many times when no apology is needed.",
      "What feelings do you have when you apologize?"]],

     ["Hello... I'm glad you could drop by today.",
      "Hi there... how are you today?",
      "Hello, how are you feeling today?"]],

    [r'I think (.*)',
     ["Do you doubt {0}?",
      "Do you really think so?",
      "But you're not sure {0}?"]],

    [r'(.*) friend (.*)',
     ["Tell me more about your friends.",
      "When you think of a friend, what comes to mind?",
      "Why don't you tell me about a childhood friend?"]],

     ["You seem quite sure.",
      "OK, but can you elaborate a bit?"]],

    [r'(.*) computer(.*)',
     ["Are you really talking about me?",
      "Does it seem strange to talk to a computer?",
      "How do computers make you feel?",
      "Do you feel threatened by computers?"]],

    [r'Is it (.*)',
     ["Do you think it is {0}?",
      "Perhaps it's {0} -- what do you think?",
      "If it were {0}, what would you do?",
      "It could well be that {0}."]],

    [r'It is (.*)',
     ["You seem very certain.",
      "If I told you that it probably isn't {0}, what would you feel?"]],

    [r'Can you ([^\?]*)\??',
     ["What makes you think I can't {0}?",
      "If I could {0}, then what?",
      "Why do you ask if I can {0}?"]],

    [r'Can I ([^\?]*)\??',
     ["Perhaps you don't want to {0}.",
      "Do you want to be able to {0}?",
      "If you could {0}, would you?"]],

    [r'You are (.*)',
     ["Why do you think I am {0}?",
      "Does it please you to think that I'm {0}?",
      "Perhaps you would like me to be {0}.",
      "Perhaps you're really talking about yourself?"]],

    [r'You\'?re (.*)',
     ["Why do you say I am {0}?",
      "Why do you think I am {0}?",
      "Are we talking about you, or me?"]],

    [r'I don\'?t (.*)',
     ["Don't you really {0}?",
      "Why don't you {0}?",
      "Do you want to {0}?"]],

    [r'I feel (.*)',
     ["Good, tell me more about these feelings.",
      "Do you often feel {0}?",
      "When do you usually feel {0}?",
      "When you feel {0}, what do you do?"]],

    [r'I have (.*)',
     ["Why do you tell me that you've {0}?",
      "Have you really {0}?",
      "Now that you have {0}, what will you do next?"]],

    [r'I would (.*)',
     ["Could you explain why you would {0}?",
      "Why would you {0}?",
      "Who else knows that you would {0}?"]],

    [r'Is there (.*)',
     ["Do you think there is {0}?",
      "It's likely that there is {0}.",
      "Would you like there to be {0}?"]],

    [r'My (.*)',
     ["I see, your {0}.",
      "Why do you say that your {0}?",
      "When your {0}, how do you feel?"]],

    [r'You (.*)',
     ["We should be discussing you, not me.",
      "Why do you say that about me?",
      "Why do you care whether I {0}?"]],

    [r'Why (.*)',
     ["Why don't you tell me the reason why {0}?",
      "Why do you think {0}?"]],

    [r'I want (.*)',
     ["What would it mean to you if you got {0}?",
      "Why do you want {0}?",
      "What would you do if you got {0}?",
      "If you got {0}, then what would you do?"]],

    [r'(.*) mother(.*)',
     ["Tell me more about your mother.",
      "What was your relationship with your mother like?",
      "How do you feel about your mother?",
      "How does this relate to your feelings today?",
      "Good family relations are important."]],

    [r'(.*) father(.*)',
     ["Tell me more about your father.",
      "How did your father make you feel?",
      "How do you feel about your father?",
      "Does your relationship with your father relate to your feelings today?",
      "Do you have trouble showing affection with your family?"]],

    [r'(.*) child(.*)',
     ["Did you have close friends as a child?",
      "What is your favorite childhood memory?",
      "Do you remember any dreams or nightmares from childhood?",
      "Did the other children sometimes tease you?",
      "How do you think your childhood experiences relate to your feelings today?"]],

     ["Why do you ask that?",
      "Please consider whether you can answer your own question.",
      "Perhaps the answer lies within yourself?",
      "Why don't you tell me?"]],

     ["Thank you for talking with me.",
      "Thank you, that will be $150.  Have a good day!"]],

     ["Please tell me more.",
      "Let's change focus a bit... Tell me about your family.",
      "Can you elaborate on that?",
      "Why do you say that {0}?",
      "I see.",
      "Very interesting.",
      "I see.  And what does that tell you?",
      "How does that make you feel?",
      "How do you feel when you say that?"]]

def reflect(fragment):
    tokens = fragment.lower().split()
    for i, token in enumerate(tokens):
        if token in reflections:
            tokens[i] = reflections[token]
    return ' '.join(tokens)

def analyze(statement):
    for pattern, responses in psychobabble:
        match = re.match(pattern, statement.rstrip(".!"))
        if match:
            response = random.choice(responses)
            return response.format(*[reflect(g) for g in match.groups()])

def main():
    print("Who. Why are you bothering me today?")

    while True:
        statement = input('')

        if statement == "quit":

if __name__ == "__main__":


Raspberry Pi and the NEO 6M GPS


Original post here.

Intro: Raspberry Pi & the Neo 6M GPS

Previously I built a project where I connected a Neo-6M to an Arduino, but this time around, I wanted to show how to use a GPS with the Raspberry PI. Now there are several USB solutions, and apps that work with them, but I wanted to show how to use a $20 GPS module with a a serial UART, and Python code to decode the NMEA strings. Then you can write your own GPS interface, or combine the data with Google Maps.

Parts Needed:

Raspberry PI (any version)

Neo-6M GPS

Female to Female Jumpers

Step 1: Electrical Connection

Picture of Electrical Connection

The first step is to connect the GPS module to the Raspberry PI. There are only 4 wires (F to F), so it’s a simple connection.

Neo-6M RPI

VCC to Pin 1, which is 3.3v

TX to Pin 10, which is RX (GPIO15)

RX to Pin 8, Which is TX (GPIO14)

Gnd to Pin 6, which is Gnd

Step 2: Turn Off the Serial Console

By default, the Raspberry Pi uses the UART as a serial console. We need to turn off that functionality so that we can use the UART for our own application.

Open a terminal session on the Raspberry Pi.

The first thing we will do is backup the file cmdline.txt before we edit it.

sudo cp /boot/cmdline.txt /boot/cmdline_backup.txt and press Enter.

The we need to edit cmdlint.txt and remove the serial interface.

Type in sudo nano /boot/cmdline.txt and press Enter.

Delete console=ttyAMA0,115200 and save the file by pressing Ctrl X, Y, and Enter.

Now type in sudo nano /etc/inittab and press enter.

Find ttyAMA0 by pressing Ctrl W and typing ttyAMA0 on the search line.

When it finds that line, press home, insert a # symbol to comment out that line, and Ctrl X, Y, Enter to save.

Type sudo reboot and press Enter to restart the Pi.

Step 3: Testing the GPS

Picture of Testing the GPS

Before we start writing our own code, let’s test the GPS by using some off the shelf programs.

Open a terminal session and type sudo apt-get install gpsd gpsd-clients and press Enter.

After that installs, let’s start the serial port:

Type stty -F /dev/ttyAMA0 9600 and press Enter.

Now start GPSD:

Type sudo gpsd /dev/ttyAMA0 -F /var/run/gpsd.sock and press Enter.

Now display by typing cgps -s and press Enter.

Racing Pygame Sample

First, pygame must be installed.
In CMD: pip install pygame

import pygame


display_width = 800
display_height = 600

gameDisplay = pygame.display.set_mode((display_width,display_height))
pygame.display.set_caption('A bit Racey')

black = (0,0,0)
white = (255,255,255)

clock = pygame.time.Clock()
crashed = False
carImg = pygame.image.load('racecar.png')

def car(x,y):
    gameDisplay.blit(carImg, (x,y))

x =  (display_width * 0.45)
y = (display_height * 0.8)

while not crashed:
    for event in pygame.event.get():
        if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
            crashed = True





Pygame Chest Open Sample

First, pygame must be installed.
In CMD: pip install pygame

import pygame

window = pygame.display.set_mode((300, 300))
running = True

# Draw Once
Rectplace = pygame.draw.rect(window, (255, 0, 0),(100, 100, 100, 100))
# Main Loop
while running:
    # Mouse position and button clicking.
    pos = pygame.mouse.get_pos()
    pressed1, pressed2, pressed3 = pygame.mouse.get_pressed()
    # Check if the rect collided with the mouse pos
    # and if the left mouse button was pressed.
    if Rectplace.collidepoint(pos) and pressed1:
        print("You have opened a chest!")
    # Quit pygame.
    for event in pygame.event.get():
        if event.type == pygame.QUIT:
            running = False


Python Rolling the Dice

import random
min = 1
max = 6

roll = "yes"

while roll == "yes" or roll == "y":
    print "Rolling the dice..."
    print "The values are...."
    print random.randint(min, max)
    print random.randint(min, max)

    roll = raw_input("Roll the dice again?")

Python Guessing Game

#importing the time module
import time

#welcoming the user
name = raw_input("What is your name? ")

print "Hello, " + name, "Time to play the guessing game!"

print " "

#wait for 1 second

print "Start guessing..."

#here we set the secret
word = "secret"

#creates an variable with an empty value
guesses = ''

#determine the number of turns
turns = 10

# Create a while loop

#check if the turns are more than zero
while turns > 0:         

    # make a counter that starts with zero
    failed = 0             

    # for every character in secret_word    
    for char in word:      

    # see if the character is in the players guess
        if char in guesses:    
        # print then out the character
            print char,    

        # if not found, print a dash
            print "_",     
        # and increase the failed counter with one
            failed += 1    

    # if failed is equal to zero

    # print You Won
    if failed == 0:        
        print "You won"  

    # exit the script


    # ask the user go guess a character
    guess = raw_input("guess a character:") 

    # set the players guess to guesses
    guesses += guess                    

    # if the guess is not found in the secret word
    if guess not in word:  
     # turns counter decreases with 1 (now 9)
        turns -= 1        
    # print wrong
        print "Wrong"    
    # how many turns are left
        print "You have", + turns, 'more guesses' 
    # if the turns are equal to zero
        if turns == 0:           
        # print "You Loose"
            print "You Loose"